Category Archives: Make a Difference

Projects that are making a difference, improving lives, and building communities.

Unconsciously Biasing Children — by Susan Popoola

I recently found myself watching the “Doll test” An experiment where children, black and white are shown two different dolls at the same time and asked questions such as which one is pretty, nice, bad and ugly.  Most of the children, black and white alike point to white doll when it comes to the positive attributes and the black doll when it comes to the negative attributes.

The Doll Test

I’ve watched experiments several times before – they’re probably just as old as me!  This time though, having recently been interviewed a few times on the subjects of “Skin Tone Memory Bias” and “Unconscious Bias” I found myself reflecting deeper. Is the experiment perhaps flawed in it’s design and by virtue of the questions asked? Do the questions actually lead the child to make unnecessary and indeed unhealthy choices?

As a starting point, I found myself wondering, what was in the hearts and minds of those children when they walked into the room that morning and how would they have responded if they were presented with a different set of questions.

What would the children have said if they had been asked what was nice about each doll instead of being asked which doll was nice and which was bad?  Having been asked what was nice about each doll, they could have then been asked the follow up question as to whether there was anything bad about the dolls.

On the other hand asking them which was nice and which was bad sends a message to the child that one was better than the other and they had to choose which one – regardless of their mind-set when they walked into the room.

Alternatively, what if the children were just simply shown a black doll or a white doll and asked what they thought of it.  They could then have been shown a doll of the other colour.  I suspect that there responses may not have been so stark and they would have probably focused on other features rather than just colour.

I believe that a key problem with the research is that its approach stems from and feeds into our adult prejudices and conditioning.  I’m not saying that children are unaware, but I don’t believe it is the starting point with their thinking until we condition them.  I wonder what was in the hearts and minds of the children when they entered the room; I wonder what was in their hearts and minds as they left.

If they were not making distinction on the basis of colour when they entered the room, the seed was planted by the time they left. The problem is that in our day to day interactions, we often teach children to think in terms of colour and in line with our other biases, conscious or subconscious.

Where are you from? — by Susan Popoola

I’ve been networking for years so by now I should be prepared for the fact that if I go to a networking event or any other type of business gathering sooner or later someone is bound to turn to me and ask the question “were are you from?”  On the face of it, it’s a very simple question – in fact I’m told it’s supposed to be a nice icebreaker, which “naturally” follows on from the question – “what’s your name?” or as some tend to say, “who are you?”

Continue reading Where are you from? — by Susan Popoola

Shadows Of Disabled Heroes- by Pat Garcia


Regardless of whether it is a sudden sickness, fever, or an accident, a disability forces a person to face a new reality.  No longer the same, he or she has to tackle the impediments that bind and overcome the barriers that appear on his or her horizon. A person in such a situation is labeled disabled.

Continue reading Shadows Of Disabled Heroes- by Pat Garcia

A Shout-Out Against Domestic Violence – by Terry Howard

There’s been so much in the news lately about gender, women in particular, specifically about the plight of women globally, how they’re faring in the sciences and on corporate boards, the abduction of the girls in Nigeria, the national fixation on Hillary …and it goes on and on and on. However, when it comes to gender, for me there’s no greater gift than my 4-year-old granddaughter, Nadia Lucille Howard.  You see, Nadia owns me, plain and simple. And she knows it.

Continue reading A Shout-Out Against Domestic Violence – by Terry Howard

Does Religious Diversity Have a Future? – by Deborah Levine & Terry Howard

Despite an increase in lawsuits related to religious expression and workplace discrimination, religious diversity is an area of Diversity & Inclusion often missing from leadership development.  The silence is due to lack of exposure and to fear, perhaps well-founded, that religious diversity training may actually increase animosity in the workplace, rather than build bridges. Given the recent Supreme Court ruling sanctioning public prayer as an American tradition, a tradition that has often been Christian, the role of diverse religions in the US is increasingly murky and contentious.

Continue reading Does Religious Diversity Have a Future? – by Deborah Levine & Terry Howard

Global Physical Inactivity – by Julian Kaufman

I recently attended a fitness symposium featuring a presentation of the findings of the Lancet Study on global physical inactivity. The Lancet study on global inactivity was an attempt to measure global inactivity.  And while the task could not be performed as scientifically as one would hope, the Lancet study is a milestone in researching the pandemic proportions of global inactivity, its determinants, harms, and strategies for intervention.  Data was collected in 122 countries on adults and 105 countries on children. The information that I’ll share with you comes from the largest study on physical inactivity ever.

Continue reading Global Physical Inactivity – by Julian Kaufman

Culture and Longevity – by Julian Kaufman

A few years ago I read Dan Buettner’s book, Blue Zones. He has written a follow up and has continued to research.  I want to share with you what he calls the Power of 9.  According to Buettner’s, Reverse Engineering Longevity, Life expectancy of an American born today averages 78.2 years. But this year, more than 70,000 Americans reached their 100th birthday. What are they doing that the average American isn’t (or won’t)?

Continue reading Culture and Longevity – by Julian Kaufman

Gluten and Healthy Eating – by Julian Kaufman

I get asked about gluten on a regular basis! “Gluten free” has become the new health fad, and, as with most health fads, it has created a lot of confusion.  The truth is that we don’t know a lot about it! We know that it is a protein complex found in wheat, kamut, spelt, barley, rye, corn, rice and farro – although corn and rice contain gluten too, it is a different form. Gluten gives dough its chewy, doughy feel and taste. It is also used as a stabilizing / thickening agent in many processed foods like ketchup, ice cream, pasta, beer, salad dressing and cold cut meats.

We also know that not all flours contain gluten, because not all flours are made with wheat. Gluten free flour can be made from potatoes, tapioca, amaranth, arrowroot, millet, montina, lupin, quinoa, sorghum, taro, teff, chia seed, yam, soybean, nut flours, buckwheat, gram flour and chick pea flour.  Nut, seed, bean and vegetable flours are gluten free. In short: nut, seed, bean and vegetable flours are gluten free.

Who needs to avoid gluten? Anyone who has been diagnosed with celiac disease, an autoimmune disease that keeps a person’s body from tolerating gluten. When a person with celiac disease eats gluten, his or her small intestine becomes inflamed and damaged, resulting in malnutrition and unhealthy weight loss because necessary nutrients cannot be absorbed properly. Symptoms may include a variety of gastrointestinal symptoms, fatigue and headaches. Celiac is diagnosed through a blood test and a small bowel biopsy.

Some people simply have a sensitivity to gluten. Their symptoms are similar to those with celiac. For some, irritation is reduced when they eat less food that contains gluten; others must stop eating food with gluten all together.

However – for those who are not celiac and do not have a sensitivity, there is not a health benefit to discontinuing the use of foods that contain gluten, other than avoiding those which are not whole clean foods and are processed and refined!

There are many nutrient dense healthy foods that are high in gluten. In fact, if you eliminate all foods that contain gluten, and especially healthy one’s like whole wheat, kamut, spelt, rye and farro, there is a possibility that you might develop nutritional deficiencies.

As always, the key to nutrition lies in eating the following foods, in the following order:

  • Green Veggies / Cruciferous Veggies
  • Fruits and other vegetables
  • Beans, Nuts, Seeds Potatoes / Corn / Whole Grains (except for those who are celiac or gluten sensitive)
  • Organic Dairy Products from Grass Fed Sources (mainly plain yogurt)
  • Beef, Poultry, Pork from free range / grass fed sources & Wild caught fish/seafood

Avoid refined processed foods. They are not foods at all. Eat a diet rich in a variety of clean whole foods, based in plant products. If you have any questions contact your physician, but remember that true medicine is regular exercise and clean whole foods.

Our Creeping Obesity — by Julian Kaufman

The term “creeping obesity” was coined by Ellington Darden of the Nautilus Sports Medicine Center and has been used regularly for the last 25 years in health and wellness textbooks.  At about age 25 we lose up to ½ pound of lean muscle tissue per year.  And if that were not bad enough, fat cell growth may be increasing by 3 times per year.

Although this sounds as if we are gaining lots of weight really fast, in fact it is truly creeping up on us.  For most people this means about a pound to a pound and a half increase on the scale per year.  And honestly who really notices a pound or a pound and a half per year?  No big deal it seems, but I am sure your brain has already done the math before I can finish this sentence – a pound to a pound and a half means that from age 25 to 55 I have gained 30-45 pounds. All of us have seen this because it has happened to us, or we’ve seen it in mom and pop, Uncle Sam or Aunt Sue.

The loss of lean muscle tissue means our resting metabolic rate is slowing down.  When we lose a pound of muscle that means we lose the need for about 50 calories per day.  This seems small, but for every 3,500 calories we consume and do not burn we gain a pound of fat. Therefore, if you are burning 50 less calories per day but consuming the same number of calories per day, just multiply 50 calories x 365 days and you will see that this is a 5 pound gain per year.

Not only do we suffer the consequences of the loss of lean muscle tissue which leads to a slower metabolism, but if our consumption of food increases, obesity is then creeping up on us for two reasons: loss of metabolic rate and increased caloric intake. If we consume just 10 calories more per day than we are burning we gain a pound of fat per year.

Finally, we all understand how increases in body fat increase our risk for cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes and simply a loss in quality of life.  So, now that you are totally depressed, here is the good news of how to prevent this from happening or start reversing the effects.

1.  Begin an exercise program.  There are 168 hours in a week   Commit to giving 3 of those hours as an appointment to yourself each week.  Set the appointment and ask a trusted friend to hold you accountable to it, and if there is an emergency that causes you to miss then your trusted friend makes you reschedule your self appointment.  Each of these hours should contain a mix of weight bearing and cardiovascular exercise.  If 3 hours feels like too much start with 3 days per week of 15 minutes.

But you must start even if it is 3 days per week of 5 minutes.  You get the point … just get started with what you can physically and emotionally handle for now with the long term goal of 3 times per week of 1 hour.  The cardiovascular exercise will build strong lungs and heart, burn calories and prevent disease.  The weight bearing exercise will add lean muscle tissue increasing metabolic rate, build a functional body and prevent osteoporosis.

2.  Take a look at what you are consuming through the week and make note of the foods you could live without, and at the end of the week see what caloric value these foods have.  Then add it up, and it will give you a picture of what your year probably looks like in terms of calories that were not needed and what you could potentially lose in body fat.

If you can save just 50 calories per day you will lose an extra 5 pounds per year and that does not include the calories saved through your new exercise program.  What if you lose an extra 100 calories per day? … 10 pounds per year … What if you lose an extra 200 calories per day?  … 20 pounds per year.

And for a simple picture of how easy this might be for you, a can of coke is 140 calories.  So, if you drink a can of coke per day and you drink water instead then you would lose almost 15 pounds per year without changing anything else in your lifestyle.

Ask yourself this question:  Is it easier to exercise for 1 hour or skip the can of coke? The simple nutrition goal is to eat “real whole foods”.  Real, whole, naturally occurring foods are rich in protein, carbohydrates, fat, fiber and water all of which help you feel full.  Real whole foods are calorie self-correcting without ever having to count calories.

So, simply start by avoiding one food item per day that you can part with, start exercising even if it is only for 5 minutes and start adding in more whole foods, and you will be on your way to losing weight and, more importantly, improving your health and quality of life.